Rassam Amal, Miller Susan. Moroccan reactions to European penetration during the late nineteenth century:
penetrate the countryside order and Economic
A more recent development in the leasing out of land by state enterprises is to turn over complete management of medium-sized parcels within the collective, under long-term leaseholds 10 - 50 years to what are called independent farmers. Another interpretation of Platteau et al. This is particularly problematic when women who require land access to generate family income and feed their families find themselves in competition with persons who acquire land for commercial use. While there was a thriving land market during the s, resource-poor farmers were unable to participate because there were no financial resources for land purchases -neither the state nor commercial banks offered long-term mortgage credit.
For example, a study in Brazil revealed that only At root, though, cultural values and practices do not view women as independent and productive citizens, so programme implementers and the rural population continue to consider men as the decision-makers and production managers. This is one of the principles of the shari'a.